Hubble Telescope Captures “Cosmic Dawn” From 13 Billion Years Ago

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Space Distant Galaxies

If you ever wondered what the Universe looked like at the beginning of time, scientists have released images of what they are calling the “Cosmic Dawn.”

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has looked back to a chaotic time 13. 2 billion years ago when never-before-seen galaxies were tiny, bright blue and full of stars bursting to life all over the place.

The images were made possible by some complex physics tricks. NASA’s aging space telescope, that was launched into space in 1990, is just starting to see the universe at its infancy with incredible detail and in full color.

Images released by NASA on Tuesday show galaxies that are 20 times fainter than those pictured before. They are from a new campaign to have the 23-year-old Hubble gaze much earlier and farther away than it was designed to see.

“I like to call it cosmic dawn,” Hubble astronomer Jennifer Lotz said at the American Astronomical Society convention in Washington. “It’s when the lights are coming on.”

It was a time when star formation was ramping up, and it was far more hectic than now.

“Imagine if you went back 500 million years after the Big Bang and looked around in the sky,” astronomer Garth Illingworth of the University of California Santa Cruz said. “Galaxies are closer. They’re smaller. They’re bright blue and they’re everywhere…They are probably blobby, small, nothing like our Milky Way.”

There were probably no metals at this time, no Earths, said Illingworth, who was on the scientific team using Hubble.

For more on the story, check out [WashingtonPost]

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Franchesca valle Smith

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